The permanent exhibition at Peršman’s provides an extensive overview of the history of Carinthian Slovenes in the past century. The modern design of the exhibition encourages visitors to take their time and experience every detail. Through the use of audio-visual media – audio stations and film clips – which focus on biographic stories, visitors are offered a unique insight into the history of the region.
- Guided tours of the exhibition for individual visitors and groups within the open hours (notification in advanced is appreciated, approx. duration: 1,5 h)
- A collection of subject-relevant publications and DVDs available in the museum.
- Special programmes focusing on modern history for one- or several days stay in the South Carinthia Region (upon request).
- Learning about history on a hike “from farm to farm”, professionally guided by Zdravko Haderlap and a museum visit at the end (on request, duration 3 to 6 hours.
- We also support any projects by providing/suggesting literature and by arranging interviews with contemporary witnesses or historians.
Peršman is historically both a home and a crime scene. Today it is also a place of remembering. The begins by depicting the history of the Sadovnik family which lived there: their everyday at the farm, the war crime that was done to them on the 25th of April 1945, as well as the inquiry that followed. Biographies of individual members of the family are at the centre of this section.
Afterwards, the focus of the exhibition shifts to the history of Carinthian Slovenes and tell the story of their persecution and resistance throughout the 20th century.
From 1900 to 1938:
Situation of the Carinthian Slovenes at the beginning of the 20th First World War and the dissolution of the monarchy.
Clashes at the border – “Defensive struggle” and “Struggle for the northern border”.
The plebiscite and its political consequences.
The policy of assimilation and germanisation.
Repressions in the time between the wars
From 1938 to 1941:
Year 1938 and the voting behaviour of Carinthian Slovenes.
Situation of the minority after the “anschluss”.
The main characteristics of Nazi policies towards Carinthian Slovenes.
Germanisation, repressions and persecution.
German invasion of Yugoslavia.
From 1941/42 to 1945:
Deportations during April 1942.
Camp at the Ebenthaler|Žrelska Street.
Deported Carinthian Slovenes in camps of the “Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle”.
Carinthian Slovenes in concentration and extermination camps.
Carinthian Slovenes in concentration camps for the youth.
Day to day camp life and survival strategies.
Paths into resistance.
Foundations and organisational structure of the partisan struggle.
Everyday life and survival of the partisans.
Women in the struggle.
Children and young people in the partisan struggle.
Civilian population in the partisan struggle.
Actions against the partisans.
The SS and the Police regiment 13.
The massacre at Peršman’s.
The end of the war and liberation.
From 1945 to 1990:
Situation of Carinthian Slovenes from 1945 to 1955.
Bad Eisenkappel|Železna Kapla in year 1947.
Judicial investigation of the massacre at Peršman’s.
Peršman's in historical and cultural context.
History of the monument.
The museum also contains an art installation by Ernst Logar titled “The end of memory”. The piece revolves around interviews which the author made with twelve Carinthian Slovenes, who stood up against the Nazi regime by joining the resistance. In the interviews, the men and women talk about their first hand experiences, memories which as the title of the installation suggests are soon to be lost.
The installation has by now been exhibited at many historical sites in Austria: in Palais Epstein (Austrian parliament), at a memorial for the victims of the NS Justice system in the Regional Court of Vienna, in the Museum of Modern Art Carinthia, in the Kulturhaus St. Primus, in the assembly hall of Vienna University and in Pavelhaus in Laafeld bei Bad Radkersburg. Now, the installation is on display in the Peršman Museum, after being permanently lent to us by the author.